Clinically, primary and secondary (metastases, germination from a neighboring organ) liver cancers are distinguished. The treatment of any of these types of liver cancer is a complex, but solvable, modern method. Given that the liver is one of the main target organ for metastasis, the treatment of liver metastases is discussed in a separate section of the Clinic’s website.
The emergence of primary liver cancer can contribute to parasitic (amebiasis, schistosomiasis, opisthorchiasis, etc.), viral diseases (viral hepatitis B, which is considered to be the causative agent of at least 80% of all cases of hepatocellular carcinoma), liver cirrhosis.
Primary liver cancer has the form of single or multiple, dense formations of a whitish color without clear boundaries. The tumor quickly grows into the blood vessels and spreads through the liver, forming metastases.
In cancer, often developing on the background of cirrhosis of the liver, the malignant tumor acquires a diffuse form without the formation of nodes. Primary liver cancer can be divided into a diffuse and nodular form (by origin from liver cells): from hepatocytes – hepatocellular carcinoma; from epithelial cells of the bile ducts – hollangiocellular cancer.