Uterine cancer is a very common malignant disease of the female genital organs, the treatment of which requires the highest qualifications of the oncologic gynecologist.
There are cervical and uterine cancers. Uterine cancer – a hormone-dependent malignant tumor. In most cases, cancer of the body of the uterus develops in women in menopause, less often in the period of premenopause.
At the age of 40 years, the disease is rare. Risk factors – obesity, diabetes, hypertension, hormonal dysfunction of the ovaries. Cervical cancer, a disease that can occur in women of all ages. In the early stages of development, in most cases, the tumor has no symptoms, therefore it is diagnosed during a visual gynecological examination.
That is why for women it is extremely important to regularly undergo a preventive examination of a ginekeloga doctor, even during pregnancy and during lactation.
Stages of cervical cancer:
- in stage I, cancer is limited only to the cervix;
- Stage II is characterized by the transition of the tumor to the upper part of the vagina, sometimes to the body of the uterus;
- Stage III – transition of the tumor to the lower part of the vagina, into the body of the uterus and pelvic bones;
- Stage IV – transition to the bladder, rectum or distant metastasis.
In 90% of cases, cervical dysplasia is preceded by cervical dysplasia or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), which is a regeneration of normal cervical epithelial cells, as a result of which they cease to perform their natural function.