Vaginal cancer is an oncological disease of the female reproductive system in which the formation of a tumor occurs from the vaginal cells. In the general structure of the pathological diseases of the female reproductive system, vaginal cancer is extremely rare. Most often, the pathology is diagnosed in women older and older. Vaginal cancer is distinguished as a primary tumor (a neoplasm directly from the cells of the vagina) and a secondary neoplasm resulting from the spread of another cancer of the female reproductive system.
Depending on the type of vaginal cells from which the tumor was formed, several types of this disease are distinguished:
- squamous cell carcinoma of the vagina (more than 80% of cases),
Diagnosis of vaginal cancer The first diagnostic method for suspected vaginal tumor is an examination by a gynecologist, who prescribes the following mandatory studies: digital colposcopy, biopsy of tumor tissues followed by histological examination, magnetic resonance imaging (CT) and computed tomography (CT).
Treatment of vaginal cancer When you confirm the diagnosis on the basis of diagnostic results, the tactics of fighting the disease are built. The decision on the treatment plan in each case of the disease is made by the doctors of the clinic at an interdisciplinary consultation. T
he most effective result of the treatment of vaginal cancer allows you to achieve an integrated approach, in which, in addition to surgical intervention, in order to remove a malignant neoplasm, high-precision radiation therapy of the IMRT tumor site and modern antitumor therapy are also used.
If there are distant disease metastases, the patient may be offered a radiosurgical operation on the CyberKnife system. Why does vaginal cancer occur? The reasons for which the malignant process occurs in the vagina, modern medical science is unknown. However, risk factors are known that increase the likelihood of developing vaginal cancer, as well as other female pathologies.
- HPV infections and HIV;
- previously treated cancer of the female reproductive system;
- radiation treatment of tumors in the pelvic area;
- tobacco smoking.