An ependymoma is a brain tumor that develops from the epinemic cells that line the inside of the ventricles of the brain. Also, ependymomas can arise from cells located in the fluid-filled space of the brain and spinal cord. Depending on the aggressiveness of the tumor, they can be classified as malignant (cancerous) or benign.
Ependymomas can occur anywhere in the brain or spine and metastasize to the spinal cord through the spinal fluid. Ependymomas can develop in people of any age, although in children it occurs more often. Approximately 60% of all children diagnosed with this type of tumor age less than 5 years. Ependymomas appear twice as often in the posterior fossa of the brain (posterior cranial fossa), which is located in the lower back of the head.
Ependymomas are usually divided into subependymomas – benign tumors, which are characterized by slow growth, ependymomas – II degree of malignancy and malignant ependymomas – III degree of malignancy. Treatment of ependymomas of the brain in the Clinic Any brain neoplasm, be it a malignant or benign tumor, requires immediate treatment, since even the smallest neoplasm within this vital organ can cause serious impairment in its functioning.
All modern technologies and methods of cancer treatment used in world medical practice are available to the Clinic:
- radiosurgery on the CyberKnife system,
- IMRT radiation therapy,
- modern antitumor chemotherapy,
- including targeted therapy,
- hormone and immunotherapy of tumors,
- minimally invasive surgery under an operating microscope and In the treatment of most oncological diseases of the brain,
- the greatest efficiency can be achieved using the radiosurgical method,
- which allows you to remove foci formations in places difficult for traditional surgery.
Therefore, in the treatment of ependymomas of the brain in the Clinic, radiosurgery is mainly used on the CyberKnife system, if the tumor size does not exceed the maximum allowable for irradiation on CyberBox. If the neoplasm volume is sufficiently large and does not allow for the use of the radiosurgical method, the treatment of ependymoma involves the removal of the malignant nidus surgically and subsequent irradiation on a high-precision linear accelerator with the IMRT function.